Voltage flicker and harmonics are the power quality problems which are introduced to the power system as a result of nonlinear and stochastic behavior of the arc furnace operation.
To analyze harmonic and flicker generated by an arc furnace, accurate arc furnace models are needed. In this paper, different arc furnace models with different level of complexity are reviewed.
In the first part of this paper a new developed time domain static model based on a piece-wise linear approximation of the V-I characteristics of the arc furnace is presented.
While static arc models are useful for harmonic studies, dynamic models are useful for power quality studies specially the study of voltage flicker.
In the second part of the paper, dynamic model for an arc furnace using MATLAB (Simulink) is presented. In addition to this, the novelty of this simulation technique lies in the fact that the variation of power transmitted to the load by the arc furnace during the cycle of operation is considered, thus making the proposed model more accurate and dependent on the operating conditions of the load.
Finally recommendations are made for the application of some of these models and the accuracy of the presented model to other models from the practical point of view by using MATLAB is shown.